Braun, Otto

   politician; served as Prussian Prime Minister. Born in Konigsberg to a railway worker, he apprenticed as a printer before joining the SPD in 1889. He soon launched a career in Konigsberg's Party organization and assumed editorial and printing duties in 1893 with the SPD s Volkstribune (later the Konigsberger Volkszeitung). The assignment provoked numerous prison sentences; Hugo Haase,* a practicing attorney in Konigsberg, represented him in sixty-four trials over seventeen years. Yet he remained broadly engaged: he sat on the Hauptvorstand of the Bauernbund (Peasants' League) during 1909-1920, was part of the SPD's Parteivorstand during 1911-1917, and belonged to the Abgeordnetenhaus in 1913-1918. A great organizer, he was rarely attentive to theoretical issues. He served with the Berlin Workers and Soldiers Councils* during the November Revolution* and then became Prussian Agriculture Minister.
   Braun was elected to the National Assembly* in 1919, to the Reichstag* in 1920, and to Prussia's* Landtag in 1921. From March 1920 until July 1932— barring brief interludes in 1921 and 1925—he was Prime Minister of Prussia (from 24 April 1932, after losing a majority in state elections, as head of a caretaker government). Under his leadership Prussia was the first Weimar-era government to rule with a Great Coalition* (SPD, DDP, Center Party,* and DVP); indeed, Braun s tenacity at forming coalitions and his skill in making them work were crucial in establishing the democratic character of the SPD. In traditionally autocratic Prussia he became known as "the red Tsar, and while he could be autocratic, his state enjoyed unprecedented freedom. This ended on 20 July 1932.
   With powers granted by President Hindenburg,* Franz von Papen* became Reichskommissar for Prussia and dismissed Braun and his cabinet. Although the Supreme Court ruled the action unconstitutional on 25 October 1932, its decision allowed for misinterpretation. In early March 1933, after being dismissed a sec-ond time, Braun went into Swiss exile. Settling in Ascona, he became a Swiss citizen and refused to return to Germany after 1945. "Next to Ebert* and Stre-semann*," Hajo Holborn claimed, Braun "had the greatest personal influence in fashioning the democratic life of the Weimar Era.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Brecht, Political Education; Holborn, "Prussia"; Orlow, Weimar Prussia, 1918-1925, Weimar Prussia, 1925-1933.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Braun, Otto — ▪ prime minister of Prussia born Jan. 28, 1872, Königsberg, Ger. [now Kaliningrad, Russia] died Dec. 14, 1955, Lugano, Switz.  German politician and leading member of the Social Democratic Party who was longtime prime minister of the provincial… …   Universalium

  • Otto Philipp Braun — (* 13. Dezember 1798 in Kassel, Deutschland; † 24. Juli 1869 in Kassel) war mehrmaliger bolivianischer Kriegsminister, Großmarschall von Montenegro und Gefährte von Simon Bolivar. Otto Philipp Braun …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Otto Philipp Braun — (called also: Felipe Braun). Born 13 December 1798 in Kassel, Principality of Hessen Kassel (today Germany). Died on 24 July 1869 in Kassel, a province of the kingdom of Prussia. Braun was one of the most successful foreign volunteers… …   Wikipedia

  • Otto Braun (Schriftsteller) — Otto Braun (Mitte), 1954 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Otto Philipp Braun — General de Brigada Años de servicio 1820 1839 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Otto Braun (Li De) — This article is about the Communist writer. For the Prime Minister of Prussia, see Otto Braun. Li De redirects here. For the Tang Dynasty prince, see Li Xian (Tang Dynasty prince). Otto Braun in 1954 ( …   Wikipedia

  • Otto Philipp Braun — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Braun. Le général Otto Philipp Braun Otto Philipp Braun, né le 13 décembre 1798 à Kassel ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Otto-Braun-Strasse — Straßenschild Otto Braun Straße Die Otto Braun Straße ist eine Berliner Straße. Sie verläuft in den Ortsteilen Mitte, Friedrichshain und Prenzlauer Berg. Die Straße ist ein Teil der Bundesstraße 2. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Otto Braun — This article is about the Prime Minister of Prussia. For the German Communist and once the Comintern military adviser to the Chinese Communist revolution see Otto Braun (Li De). Otto Braun Minister President of the Free State of Prussia …   Wikipedia

  • Otto Braun (1872-1955) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Otto Braun et Braun. Otto Braun …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.